William R. Fix
The Neanderthal man was discovered or first
proposed in the year 1856 and was promoted by most early evolutionists.
It was abandoned as ancestral species by many anthropologists in the
1960s and 1970s . The Homo erectus (Java man, Pekin man)
was first proposed in the year 1891 and promoted by Eugene Dubois, Tilhard
de Chardin, and Franz Weidenraich. Its ancestral status was made highly
questionable by the discovery of a skull 1470 in 1972 The Piltdown
man was proposed in 1912 by Arthur Keith and accepted by most evolutionists.
It was exposed as a hoax in 1953. The Hesperopithecus was proposed in
1922 by Harold Cook and found to be an extinct pig in 1927. The Australopithecus
africanus was discovered in 1924 by Raymond Dart, Robert Ardrey and
Maitland Edey and was disqualified by the discovery of skull 1470 in
1972. The Australopithecus reobustus was promoted in 1938 by Robert
Broom and was disqualified by discovery of Homo habilis in the 1960s.
The Gigantopithecus was discovered in 1946 by Franz Weidreich and dropped
by most anthropologists as too improbable by 1950. The Zinjanthropus
proposed in 1959 by Louis Leakey was displaced by Leakeys discovery
of Homo habilis in the 1960s. The Homo habilis that was discovered
in 1960 by Louis and Richard Leakey still has indeterminate ancestral
status. The Ramapithecus was discovered in 1964 by David Pilbeam and
Elwyn Simons and was found to be the ancestor of the Orangutan in 1979. The
Lothagam man was proposed in 1967 by Bryan Patterson and was disqualified
by new neasurement in 1977. The Australopithecus afarensis Lucy
was first proposed in 1979 by Donald Johanson, Timothy While and Maitland
Edey. It was beset by many problems and mounting controversy in the
William R. Fix
I next discovered the amazing fact, which I
will document in detail, that almost every ancestor of man ever proposed
suffers from disqualifying liabilities that are not widely publicized. I
gradually came to realize that the presentation of fossil evidence for
human evolution has long been and still is more of a market phenomenon
than a disinterested scientific exercise. For nearly a century the search
for the fossils of mans antecedents has excited the imagination
of the world. Virtually everyone is curious about how we got to be what
we are. Finding truly definitive evidence of mans evolution from
animal ancestors would be about as sensational as capturing a flying
saucer complete with occupants from outer space. In terms of fame, funding
for further excavations, professional advancement and literary royalties
from published accounts of their discoveries, many fossils portrayed
as ancestral to man have proved to be worth far more than their weight
in gold for the discoverers.
Again and again these proposed
ancestors have been discredited by subsequent discoveries. For instance,
dear old Zinjanthropus, sold to my college class as the earliest known
man by Louis Leakey, had, I discovered, been evicted from our family
tree long ago.
In 1922 W.J. Bryan, a politician of Nebraska,
was campaigning in the courts against children being taught in schools
that they were descended from apes. H.F. Osborn, head of the American
Museum of Natural History, received a tooth from a Mr. Cook who had
found it in Pliocene deposits in Nebraska. Osborn considered that it
had the characteristics that were a mixture of human, chimpanzee and
Pithecanthropus, and upon this evidence declared it was a further missing
link, which he called Hesperopithecus.
the Earth spoke to Bryan from his own
State of Nebraska. The Hesperopithecus tooth is like the still, small
voice. Its sound is by no means easy to hear
This little tooth
speaks volumes of truth, in that it affords evidence of mans descent
from the ape. In England Sir Grafton Elliot Smith, F.R.S.,
Professor of Anatomy at Manchester, fully supported Osborn. The Illustrated
London News published a reconstruction of Hesperopithecus
and his wife. Later investigation, however, proved that the tooth was
that of an extinct pig.
Richard Leakey, one of the outstanding
anthropologists of our time
- The new discoveries of the australopithecines of
arm bones and leg bones have indicated that these were long-armed, short-legged
knuckle walkers. They were not bipedal, upright walkers as had been
maintained and, furthermore, they are simply apes. This has been further
substantiated by the discovery of what is called Theropithecus galada
which is an Ethiopian baboon, with a dental structure remarkable like
the australopithecines. They were thought to be like men because they
resembled man a little more that most apes do. And so the australopithecines
have hit the dust.
- Discovered an incredible find called ER 1470 which
has demolished concepts of human evolution. In one speech, he pointed
out the striking thing about 1470 is that it is both old and aged and
yet modern in appearance. It lacks the brows, the prognathous jaw, and
the crest on the head (the characteristics that are normally considered
ape-like), it is obviously human and predates all of our supposed ancestors.
- said that this knocks everything we have been taught
about evolution into a cocked hat.
He further said:
"I have nothing to offer in its place."
Cal Thomas, columnist for the Los Angeles
In an article entitled "The Evolution
of the Pope", appearing in the Tampa Tribune, October 31, 1999:
"...if man is not a unique creation of God,
he is of no greater value and has no greater moral standing than any
other living thing."
"If God is impersonal or does not exist, and
if man is not made in his image, on what basis do we appeal to a racist
who wants to deny blacks equal opportunity? If man is an evolutionary
accident, why pressure the Chinese over human rights abuses?"